Legally Israel owes the US Billions

Israeli Nukes, US Foreign Aid and the Symington Amendment.
Documents
The following document case file reveals the slow decline of  the policy of “strategic ambiguity” whereby US and Israeli officials deny the existence of the Israeli nuclear weapons arsenal in order to continue unfettered US military aid.

Document/File Date Contents

1960 (PDF) CIA Special National Intelligence Estimate released on June 5, 2009.  Israel’s nukes and role in foreign policy “assertiveness.”

“Possession of a nuclear weapon capability, or even the prospect of achieving it, would clearly give Israel a greater sense of security, self-confidence, and assertiveness…Israel would be less inclined than ever to make concessions…”

1963 President John F. Kennedy insists on US inspections of Israel’s Dimona nuclear reactor in a secret letter to Prime Minister Levi Eskol.

1970 Treaty on the Non proliferation of Nuclear Weapons enters into force.

1976 The US passes the Symington Amendment of  1976. Symington Amendment prohibits most U.S. foreign aid to any country found trafficking in nuclear enrichment equipment or technology outside international safeguards. Israel has never signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).

1977 Glenn Amendment of 1977 calls for an end to aid to countries that import reprocessing technology.

1986 The Sunday Times publishes “The secrets of Israel’s nuclear arsenal/ Atomic technician Mordechai Vanunu reveals secret weapons production.”

2008 Former president Jimmy Carter names Israel as a nuclear weapons power.

2008 The US Army names Israel as a nuclear weapons power.

2009 AIPAC and ZOA lobby for $2.775 billion in US military aid for Israel

2009 Congress advised (via fax) that US aid is governed by the Symington Amendment.

2009 President Barak Obama advised (via letter) that US aid is governed by the Symington Amendment

Source


June 1976: Symington Amendment Passed Restricting Aid to Nuclear Proliferators

Senator Stuart Symington. [Source: Bettman / Corbis]Legislation introduced by Stuart Symington, a Democratic senator from Missouri, is passed by the US Congress to set out the US position on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons technology. The legislation, which becomes known as the “Symington amendment,” bans US assistance to any country found to be trafficking in nuclear enrichment or reprocessing technology that is not governed by international safeguards. Authors David Armstrong and Joe Trento will later comment that this puts “both Pakistan [which is thought to be involved in such trafficking] and the Ford administration on notice that nonproliferation would now be taken seriously.”

The CIA report of 1960 states that Israel is going to build Nuclear Weapons.

From 1976 on, all Aid given to Israel should be returned to the citizens of the US.   Legally speaking.

Israel has fraudulently, been taking aid from the US..

They hid their Nuclear bomb building complex,  from the US as noted by Mordechai Vanunu.

That is a legal opinion.

The US is also breaking their own law by giving Aid to Israel.

That too is a legal opinion.

Reminds me of a Dirty Cop stealing drugs from a bust, then sells it to a Drug Lord who in turn,  sells it to people on the streets and neither one ever get busted.

Both are guilty of a crime.

In this case however the Tax Payer is the one who is being ripped off.

President John F. Kennedy insists on US inspections of Israel’s Dimona nuclear reactor in a secret letter to Prime Minister Levi Eskol.

He was assassinated. So Who Benefited the most by J.F. Kennedy’s Death? Israel came out a big winner /no inspections /more Aid/ability to pursue Nuclear bombs/ And Terrorism

UN nuclear assembly has called for Israel to open its nuclear facilities to UN inspection

Resolution 487 (1981)Israel to place its nuclear facilities under IAEA/Refrain from Acts or Threats

Israel’s Dirty Nuclear Secrets, Human Experiments  and WMD/Mordechai Vanunu

Iran Proposes Control System Aimed at Eliminating Nuclear Weapons

The UN Mission 575 Page Report on Gaza/Israel War

Resolution 1887 2009

THE TREATY ON THE NON-PROLIFERATION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS ( NPT ) HTML

From 2001 UN  Israel IAEA

The General Assembly adopted five resolutions on the armed Zionist aggression, namely resolutions 36/27, 37/18, 38/9, 39/14 and 40/6, under the item entitled “Armed Israeli aggression against the Iraqi nuclear installations and its
grave consequences for the established international system concerning the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons and international
peace and security”. In the aggregate of these resolutions, the Assembly:

The following is a list of United Nations resolutions that concern Israel and bordering states such as Lebanon From 1947 to 1989 the UN Security Council passed 131 resolutions directly addressing the Arab-Israeli conflict. In early Security Council practice, resolutions did not directly invoke Chapter VII. They made an explicit determination of a threat, breach of the peace, or act of aggression, and ordered an action in accordance with Article 39 or 40. Resolution 54 determined that a threat to peace existed within the meaning of Article 39 of the Charter, reiterated the need for a truce, and ordered a cease-fire pursuant to Article 40 of the Charter. Although the phrase “Acting under Chapter VII” was never mentioned as the basis for the action taken, the chapter’s authority was being used.

  • 1947
    • November 29: UN General Assembly Resolution 181: recommending partition of the British Mandate into Jewish and Arab states
  • 1948
    • December 11: UN General Assembly Resolution 194: conditional right of return of refugees
  • 1949
    • May 11: UN General Assembly Resolution 273: admission of Israel to the UN
  • 1975
    • March 22: UN General Assembly Resolution 3379: equating Zionism with Racism
  • 1991
    • December 16: UN General Assembly Resolution 4686: annulled Res. 3379
  1. Resolution 42: The Palestine Question (5 March 1948) Requests recommendations for the Palestine Commission
  2. Resolution 43: The Palestine Question (1 Apr 1948) Recognizes “increasing violence and disorder in Palestine” and requests that representatives of “the Jewish Agency for Palestine and the Arab Higher Committee” arrange, with the Security Council, “a truce between the Arab and Jewish Communities of Palestine…Calls upon Arab and Jewish armed groups in Palestine to cease acts of violence immediately.”
  3. Resolution 44: The Palestine Question (1 Apr 1948) Requests convocation of special session of the General Assembly
  4. Resolution 46: The Palestine Question (17 Apr 1948) As the United Kingdom is the Mandatory Power, “it is responsible for the maintenance of peace and order in Palestine.” The Resolutions also “Calls upon all persons and organizations in Palestine” to stop importing “armed bands and fighting personnel…whatever their origin;…weapons and war materials;…Refrain, pending the future government of Palestine…from any political activity which might prejudice the rights, claims, or position of either community;…refrain from any action which will endager the safety of the Holy Places in Palestine.”
  5. Resolution 48: The Palestine Question (23 Apr 1948)
  6. Resolution 49: The Palestine Question (22 May 1948)
  7. Resolution 50: The Palestine Question (29 May 1948)
  8. Resolution 53: The Palestine Question (7 Jul 1948)
  9. Resolution 54: The Palestine Question (15 Jul 1948)
  10. Resolution 56: The Palestine Question (19 Aug 1948)
  11. Resolution 57: The Palestine Question (18 Sep 1948)
  12. Resolution 59: The Palestine Question (19 Oct 1948)
  13. Resolution 60: The Palestine Question (29 Oct 1948)
  14. Resolution 61: The Palestine Question (4 Nov 1948)
  15. Resolution 62: The Palestine Question (16 Nov 1948)
  16. Resolution 66: The Palestine Question (29 Dec 1948)
  17. Resolution 72: The Palestine Question (11 Aug 1949)
  18. Resolution 73: The Palestine Question (11 Aug 1949)
  19. Resolution 89 (17 November 1950): regarding Armistice in 1948 Arab-Israeli War and “transfer of persons”.
  20. Resolution 92: The Palestine Question (8 May 1951)
  21. Resolution 93: The Palestine Question (18 May 1951)
  22. Resolution 95: The Palestine Question (1 Sep 1951)
  23. Resolution 100: The Palestine Question (27 Oct 1953)
  24. Resolution 101: The Palestine Question (24 Nov 1953)
  25. Resolution 106: The Palestine Question (29 Mar 1955) ‘condemns’ Israel for Gaza raid.
  26. Resolution 107: The Palestine Question (30 Mar)
  27. Resolution 108: The Palestine Question (8 Sep)
  28. Resolution 111: ” … ‘condemns’ Israel for raid on Syria that killed fifty-six people”.
  29. Resolution 113: The Palestine Question (4 Apr)
  30. Resolution 114: The Palestine Question (4 Jun)
  31. Resolution 127: ” … ‘recommends’ Israel suspends its ‘no-man’s zone’ in Jerusalem”.
  32. Resolution 138: Question relating to the case of Adolf Eichmann, concerning Argentine complaint that Israel breached its sovereignty.
  33. Resolution 162: ” … ‘urges’ Israel to comply with UN decisions”.
  34. Resolution 171: ” … determines flagrant violations’ by Israel in its attack on Syria”.
  35. Resolution 228: ” … ‘censures’ Israel for its attack on Samu in the West Bank, then under Jordanian control”.
  36. Resolution 233 (June 6, 1967
  37. Resolution 234 (June 7, 1967
  38. Resolution 235 (June 9, 1967
  39. Resolution 236 (June 11, 1967
  40. Resolution 237: ” … ‘urges’ Israel to allow return of new 1967 Palestinian refugees”.
  41. Resolution 240 (October 25, 1967: concerning violations of the cease-fire
  42. Resolution 242 (November 22, 1967): Termination of all claims or states of belligerency and respect for and acknowledgement of the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of every State in the area. Calls on Israel’s neighbors to end the state of belligerency and calls upon Israel to reciprocate by withdraw its forces from land claimed by other parties in 1967 war. Interpreted commonly today as calling for the Land for peace principle as a way to resolve Arab-Israeli conflict
  43. Resolution 248: ” … ‘condemns’ Israel for its massive attack on Karameh in Jordan”.
  44. Resolution 250: ” … ‘calls’ on Israel to refrain from holding military parade in Jerusalem”.
  45. Resolution 251: ” … ‘deeply deplores’ Israeli military parade in Jerusalem in defiance of Resolution 250″.
  46. Resolution 252: ” … ‘declares invalid’ Israel’s acts to unify Jerusalem as Jewish capital”.
  47. Resolution 256: ” … ‘condemns’ Israeli raids on Jordan as ‘flagrant violation”.
  48. Resolution 258
  49. Resolution 259: ” … ‘deplores’ Israel’s refusal to accept UN mission to probe occupation”.
  50. Resolution 262: ” … ‘condemns’ Israel for attack on Beirut airport”.
  51. Resolution 265: ” … ‘condemns’ Israel for air attacks on Salt, Jordan”.
  52. Resolution 267: ” … ‘censures’ Israel for administrative acts to change the status of Jerusalem”.
  53. Resolution 270: ” … ‘condemns’ Israel for air attacks on villages in southern Lebanon”.
  54. Resolution 271: ” … ‘condemns’ Israel’s failure to obey UN resolutions on Jerusalem”.
  55. Resolution 279: ” … ‘demands’ withdrawal of Israeli forces from Lebanon”.
  56. Resolution 280: ” … ‘condemns’ Israeli’s attacks against Lebanon”.
  57. Resolution 285: ” … ‘demands’ immediate Israeli withdrawal form Lebanon”.
  58. Resolution 298: ” … ‘deplores’ Israel’s changing of the status of Jerusalem”.
  59. Resolution 313: ” … ‘demands’ that Israel stop attacks against Lebanon”.
  60. Resolution 316: ” … ‘condemns’ Israel for repeated attacks on Lebanon”.
  61. Resolution 317: ” … ‘deplores’ Israel’s refusal to release Arabs abducted in Lebanon”.
  62. Resolution 331
  63. Resolution 332: ” … ‘condemns’ Israel’s repeated attacks against Lebanon”.
  64. Resolution 337: ” … ‘condemns’ Israel for violating Lebanon’s sovereignty”.
  65. Resolution 338 (22 October 1973): cease fire in Yom Kippur War
  66. Resolution 339 (23 October 1973): Confirms Res. 338, dispatch UN observers.
  67. Resolution 340
  68. Resolution 341
  69. Resolution 344
  70. Resolution 346
  71. Resolution 347: ” … ‘condemns’ Israeli attacks on Lebanon”.
  72. Resolution 350 (31 May 1974) established the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force, to monitor the ceasefire between Israel and Syria in the wake of the Yom Kippur War.
  73. Resolution 362
  74. Resolution 363
  75. Resolution 368
  76. Resolution 369
  77. Resolution 371
  78. Resolution 378
  79. Resolution 381
  80. Resolution 390
  81. Resolution 396
  82. Resolution 398
  83. Resolution 408
  84. Resolution 416
  85. Resolution 420
  86. Resolution 425 (1978): ” … ‘calls’ on Israel to withdraw its forces from Lebanon”. Israel’s withdrawal from Lebanon was completed as of 16 June 2000.
  87. Resolution 426
  88. Resolution 427: ” … ‘calls’ on Israel to complete its withdrawal from Lebanon”.
  89. Resolution 429
  90. Resolution 434
  91. Resolution 438
  92. Resolution 441
  93. Resolution 444: ” … ‘deplores’ Israel’s lack of cooperation with UN peacekeeping forces”.
  94. Resolution 446 (1979): ‘determines’ that Israeli settlements are a ‘serious obstruction’ to peace and calls on Israel to abide by the Fourth Geneva Convention”.
  95. Resolution 449
  96. Resolution 450: ” … ‘calls’ on Israel to stop attacking Lebanon”.
  97. Resolution 452: ” … ‘calls’ on Israel to cease building settlements in occupied territories”.
  98. Resolution 456
  99. Resolution 459
  100. Resolution 465: ” … ‘deplores’ Israel’s settlements and asks all member states not to assist Israel’s settlements program”.
  101. Resolution 467: ” … ‘strongly deplores’ Israel’s military intervention in Lebanon”.
  102. Resolution 468: ” … ‘calls’ on Israel to rescind illegal expulsions of two Palestinian mayors and a judge and to facilitate their return”.
  103. Resolution 469: ” … ‘strongly deplores’ Israel’s failure to observe the council’s order not to deport Palestinians”.
  104. Resolution 470
  105. Resolution 471: ” … ‘expresses deep concern’ at Israel’s failure to abide by the Fourth Geneva Convention”.
  106. Resolution 474
  107. Resolution 476: ” … ‘reiterates’ that Israel’s claim to Jerusalem are ‘null and void'”.
  108. Resolution 478 (20 August 1980): ‘censures (Israel) in the strongest terms’ for its claim to Jerusalem in its ‘Basic Law’.
  109. Resolution 481
  110. Resolution 483
  111. Resolution 484: ” … ‘declares it imperative’ that Israel re-admit two deported Palestinian mayors”.
  112. Resolution 485
  113. Resolution 487: ” … ‘strongly condemns’ Israel for its attack on Iraq’s nuclear facility”.
  114. Resolution 488
  115. Resolution 493
  116. Resolution 497 (17 December 1981) decides that Israel’s annexation of Syria’s Golan Heights is ‘null and void’ and demands that Israel rescinds its decision forthwith.
  117. Resolution 498: ” … ‘calls’ on Israel to withdraw from Lebanon”.
  118. Resolution 501: ” … ‘calls’ on Israel to stop attacks against Lebanon and withdraw its troops”.
  119. Resolution 506
  120. Resolution 508:
  121. Resolution 509: ” … ‘demands’ that Israel withdraw its forces forthwith and unconditionally from Lebanon”.
  122. Resolution 511
  123. Resolution 515: ” … ‘demands’ that Israel lift its siege of Beirut and allow food supplies to be brought in”.
  124. Resolution 516
  125. Resolution 517: ” … ‘censures’ Israel for failing to obey UN resolutions and demands that Israel withdraw its forces from Lebanon”.
  126. Resolution 518: ” … ‘demands’ that Israel cooperate fully with UN forces in Lebanon”.
  127. Resolution 519
  128. Resolution 520: ” … ‘condemns’ Israel’s attack into West Beirut”.
  129. Resolution 523
  130. Resolution 524
  131. Resolution 529
  132. Resolution 531
  133. Resolution 536
  134. Resolution 538
  135. Resolution 543
  136. Resolution 549
  137. Resolution 551
  138. Resolution 555
  139. Resolution 557
  140. Resolution 561
  141. Resolution 563
  142. Resolution 573: ” … ‘condemns’ Israel ‘vigorously’ for bombing Tunisia in attack on PLO headquarters.
  143. Resolution 575
  144. Resolution 576
  145. Resolution 583
  146. Resolution 584
  147. Resolution 586
  148. Resolution 587 ” … ‘takes note’ of previous calls on Israel to withdraw its forces from Lebanon and urges all parties to withdraw”.
  149. Resolution 590
  150. Resolution 592: ” … ‘strongly deplores’ the killing of Palestinian students at Bir Zeit University by Israeli troops”.
  151. Resolution 594
  152. Resolution 596
  153. Resolution 599
  154. Resolution 603
  155. Resolution 605: ” … ‘strongly deplores’ Israel’s policies and practices denying the human rights of Palestinians.
  156. Resolution 607: ” … ‘calls’ on Israel not to deport Palestinians and strongly requests it to abide by the Fourth Geneva Convention.
  157. Resolution 608: ” … ‘deeply regrets’ that Israel has defied the United Nations and deported Palestinian civilians”.
  158. Resolution 609
  159. Resolution 611
  160. Resolution 613
  161. Resolution 617
  162. Resolution 624
  163. Resolution 630
  164. Resolution 633
  165. Resolution 636: ” … ‘deeply regrets’ Israeli deportation of Palestinian civilians.
  166. Resolution 639 (31 Jul 1989)
  167. Resolution 641 (30 Aug 1989): ” … ‘deplores’ Israel’s continuing deportation of Palestinians.
  168. Resolution 645 (29 Nov 1989)
  169. Resolution 648 (31 Jan 1990)
  170. Resolution 655 (31 May 1990)
  171. Resolution 659 (31 Jul 1990)
  172. Resolution 672 (12 Oct 1990): ” … ‘condemns’ Israel for “violence against Palestinians” at the Haram al-Sharif/Temple Mount.
  173. Resolution 673 (24 Oct 1990): ” … ‘deplores’ Israel’s refusal to cooperate with the United Nations.
  174. Resolution 679 (30 Nov 1990)
  175. Resolution 681 (20 Dec 1990): ” … ‘deplores’ Israel’s resumption of the deportation of Palestinians.
  176. Resolution 684 (30 Jan 1991)
  177. Resolution 694 (24 May 1991): ” … ‘deplores’ Israel’s deportation of Palestinians and calls on it to ensure their safe and immediate return.
  178. Resolution 695 (30 May 1991)
  179. Resolution 701 (31 Jul 1991)
  180. Resolution 722 (29 Nov 1991)
  181. Resolution 726 (06 Jan 1992): ” … ‘strongly condemns’ Israel’s deportation of Palestinians.
  182. Resolution 734 (29 Jan 1992)
  183. Resolution 756 (29 May 1992)
  184. Resolution 768 (30 Jul 1992)
  185. Resolution 790 (25 Nov 1992)
  186. Resolution 799 (18 Dec 1992): “. . . ‘strongly condemns’ Israel’s deportation of 413 Palestinians and calls for their immediate return.
  187. Resolution 803 (28 Jan 1993)
  188. Resolution 830 (26 May 1993)
  189. Resolution 852 (28 Jul 1993)
  190. Resolution 887 (29 Nov 1993)
  191. Resolution 904 (18 Mar 1994)
  192. Resolution 1039 (29 Jan 1996)
  193. Resolution 1052 (18 Apr 1996)
  194. Resolution 1057 (30 May 1996)
  195. Resolution 1068 (30 Jul 1996)
  196. Resolution 1073 (28 Sep 1996)
  197. Resolution 1081 (27 Nov 1996)
  198. Resolution 1095 (28 Jan 1997)
  199. Resolution 1109 (28 May 1997)
  200. Resolution 1122 (29 Jul 1997)
  201. Resolution 1139 (21 Nov 1997)
  202. Resolution 1151 (30 Jan 1998)
  203. Resolution 1169 (27 May 1998)
  204. Resolution 1188 (30 Jul 1998)
  205. Resolution 1211 (25 Nov 1998)
  206. Resolution 1223 (28 Jan 1999)
  207. Resolution 1243 (27 May 1999)
  208. Resolution 1254 (30 Jul 1999)
  209. Resolution 1276 (24 Nov 1999)
  210. Resolution 1288 (31 Jan 2000)
  211. Resolution 1300 (31 May 2000)
  212. Resolution 1310 (27 Jul 2000)
  213. Resolution 1322 (07 Oct 2000)
  214. Resolution 1328 (27 Nov 2000)
  215. Resolution 1337 (30 Jan 2001)
  216. Resolution 1351 (30 May 2001)
  217. Resolution 1559 (2 September 2004) called upon Lebanon to establish its sovereignty over all of its land and called upon Syria to end their military presence in Lebanon by withdrawing its forces and to cease intervening in internal Lebanese politics. The resolution also called on all Lebanese militias to disband.
  218. Resolution 1583 (28 January 2005) calls on Lebanon to assert full control over its border with Israel. It also states that “the Council has recognized the Blue Line as valid for the purpose of confirming Israel’s withdrawal pursuant to resolution 425.
  219. Resolution 1648 (21 December 2005) renewed the mandate of United Nations Disengagement Observer Force until 30 June 2006.
  220. Resolution 1701 (11 August 2006) called for the full cessation of hostilities between Israel and Hezbollah.
  221. Resolution 1860 (9 January 2009) called for the full cessation of war between Israel and Hamas.

Over the years nothing has improved.  From Day one Israel has been a problem.

Israel Foreign Assistance Appropriations Act, 2010
Bill HR 3160 IH

Israel will get
$2,828,860,000 That’s almost 3 billion.
Except for 25 million it is all for weapons and the military.
So why do Americans tolerate this?

Search for US Bills here

I just put in Word/Phrase  “Israel” in search box. Exact Match only, All Bills, House and Senate, From 1907 through 2009. Anything with the word Israel in it should come up for you. It is a very long list. An amazing long list.

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One Comment

  1. Wow, great article. I’m currently doing research into Israel’s involvement in the Apartheid South Africa’s’ nuclear program. Interesting stuff that flips the coin on age old beliefs for many of us.


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