Canada: Inuit go hungry more than any other indigenous group

Inuit go hungry more than any other indigenous group: report

A Nunavut family’s annual groceries cost $19,760, but half of Inuit adults earn less than $20,000

March  27, 2014

A new study released Thursday says people in Nunavut have the highest food insecurity rate for any indigenous population in a developed country at 68 per cent.

A new study released Thursday highlights the fact that people in Nunavut have the highest food insecurity rate for any indigenous population in a developed country at 68 per cent.

The report by the Council of Canadian Academies says 35 per cent of Inuit households in Nunavut do not have enough to eat. It also says 76 per cent of Inuit preschoolers skip meals, while 60 per cent have gone a day without eating.

The report does not present any new data or make any recommendations. Its authors say they hope their document will help develop priorities for the North and “direct northern food security research to priority areas.”

None of this comes as a surprise to Northerners. The alarming data on Inuit child hunger in Nunavut was first published in 2010 following the 2007-2008 Inuit Child Health Survey.

‘Folks in the South, I hope they’re shocked and I hope they’re embarrassed.’- David Natcher.

“That’s the same as it’s always been here,” said Rus Blanchet, who works at the Iqaluit soup kitchen. “Food is more expensive here. There’s nothing anyone can do about that. They have to ship it in by plane and boat.”

The report says the average cost of groceries for a family of four in Nunavut is $19,760 per year while almost half of Inuit adults earn less than $20,000 annually.

David Natcher, a professor at the University of Saskatchewan, contributed to the report.
“For the folks up north, I think they’re going to say ‘Yeah, I’m glad you recognize this,'” he said. “For the folks in the South, I hope they’re shocked and I hope they’re embarrassed.”

Natcher says Canada has the resources and capacity to improve food security in the North.

“The conditions in Nunavut in particular are in many ways dire. We have the resources. We have the capacity to address these issues and we can resolve food insecurity for Northern and Inuit communities.”

The World Health Organization defines food security as existing “when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life.”

The Nunavut Inuit Child Health Survey, 2007-2009, found that 70 per cent of Inuit preschoolers don’t know when they’ll get their next meal. (Aboriginal Food Security in Northern Canada: An Assessment of the State of Knowledge) For more information go to the source.  Source

Read the Full Report HERE

inuit-food-security

Harper’s Government is not doing a very good job of taking care of Canada’s Inuit people.

Harper needs a wake up call.

Harper prefers to go from country to country, demonizing Russia and propping up the new Neo-Nazi Regime in the Ukraine.

You know, the one, that was taken over. by violent, thugs.

Harper has no problem lending, those thugs, $220 million however.

Harper had no problems spending tax dollars to destroy Libya.

Harper had no problem wasting about $800,000 on a celebration due to the fact they helped destroyed Libya either.

There is a very long list of things Harper has done.

Check the Archives.  Happy hunting.

 

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Published in: on March 27, 2014 at 6:02 pm  Comments (2)  
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Education not enough to fix Native disparities

December 11, 2008
By Carlito Pablo

Anyone who has paid attention to the plight of Native people knows that their average educational levels are low compared to other social groups. The lack of schooling is often cited as one reason why many Natives are poor.Closing the educational gap between aboriginal and nonaboriginal peoples is often cited as a key step in bridging the income disparity
between them.

However, a working paper by two professors who are also brothers—one in Vancouver and the other in Ottawa—offers a sobering conclusion that this equation doesn’t seem to fit nicely.

In “Aboriginal Income Disparity in Canada”, SFU economics professor Krishna Pendakur and University of Ottawa assistant professor of public and international affairs Ravi Pendakur observe that even Native persons “who attain high levels of education still face substantial earnings disparity”.

“We find little evidence of high returns to education for Aboriginal people in any of our groups,” the Pendakurs write in the still-unpublished academic work. “Although Aboriginal incomes do rise with increased education, this finding suggests that even those Aboriginal people with high levels of education face considerable economic disparity.”

In a phone interview, SFU’s Pendakur argued that this finding has potentially significant policy implications.

“You might have thought that they [aboriginal people] were just part of the kind of bottom end or unlucky end of Canadian ethnic diversity,” Pendakur told the Georgia Straight. “But, in fact, they’re so far below the bottom end of nonaboriginal disparity that you kind of start worrying about aboriginal people, and it’s not worth worrying about anybody else. All policy approaches to inequality and poverty have to face aboriginal issues head-on.”

In a 2007 article that the Pendakurs cited in their working paper, the professors established that Canadian-born blacks and South Asians fare poorly in terms of income compared to other persons of similar education, age, and city of residence.

Canadian-born South Asian and black men earn 16 percent less than others, except Natives, while South Asian and black women face an income disparity of six percent and 12 percent, respectively.

In their new paper, the Pendakurs note that aboriginal people actually fare worse that South Asians and blacks.

For one thing, Native persons registered under the Indian Act earn 20 percent to 50 percent less than the rest of the population. Aboriginal persons who do not register under the Indian Act but self-identify as Métis, Inuit, or a member of a First Nation earn, on average, 10 to 40 percent less.

Those who neither register nor self-identify but who acknowledge aboriginal ancestry are the “least disadvantaged”, but they face an earning disparity of 10 percent to 20 percent, which is no better than South Asians and blacks.

“From a comparison of these findings, it appears that a little ‘Aboriginality’ is associated with very poor labour market outcomes,” the Pendakurs note in their paper.

They also warn that with Natives comprising the fastest-growing but poorest ethnic group in Canada, the disenfranchisement of aboriginal people “faces considerable risk of growing over time”.

Amidst all this, the educational prospects of aboriginal people continue to worsen.

Two months ago, the C. D. Howe Institute, a Toronto-based think tank, released a paper about the growing education gap between aboriginal and nonaboriginal peoples, as reflected in the 2006 census.

Author John Richards, a professor in SFU’s graduate public-policy program, writes in Closing the Aboriginal/non-Aboriginal Education Gaps that although high-school graduation is almost universal among non-Native groups, 40 percent of young Natives aged 20 to 24 lack high-school certification. Among Natives aged 25 to 44, some 32 percent have not finished high school.

In his paper, Richards recalls that in November 2005, then Liberal prime minister Paul Martin concluded the Kelowna Accord with provincial premiers and aboriginal leaders. The succeeding Conservative government of Prime Minister Stephen Harper chose to ignore this pact. One of the agreement’s stated goals was to close the aboriginal and nonaboriginal high-school completion gap in a decade.

However, Richards notes that based on the current record of Canada in kindergarten to Grade 12 school performance, the Kelowna Accord’s educational goal is a “chimera”.

Ken Clement was elected as a new member of the Vancouver school board in last month’s civic election, and he feels an added weight of responsibility resting on his shoulders.

As a trustee, Clement is expected to help ensure that the school district’s resources are managed well for all students and other stakeholders in the city. But there’s more. As a member of the Ktunaxa First Nation, Clement is also the first Native politician to be elected in Vancouver. As such, there is much expectation that he will provide a voice for Native people amid the widening educational gap between them and the non-Native population.

“We need to strengthen the aboriginal involvement in the school system,” Clement told the Straight as he prepared for the new school board’s inaugural meeting on December 8.

Source